Peru


    A Practitioners' Perspective on Forms of Justice in Peru and Colombia
    23.01.18
    ICTJ

    Jairo Rivas has a decade of experience working with reparations forms. In the aftermath of Peru’s internal armed conflict, Rivas helped distribute reparations to thousands of victims as Technical Secretary of the Reparations Council, an autonomous body established to implement the comprehensive reparations plan recommended by the country’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Rivas has also worked in Colombia, serving as senior advisor to the Director of the Special Administrative Unit for the Assistance and Comprehensive Reparations of Victims. There, he coordinated the registration process and the implementation of reparations from the internal armed conflict in that country. In...

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    New Peruvian law offers hope to relatives of the disappeared

    The majestic yet forbidding landscape of the Peruvian highlands hides grim secrets. The country’s Ayacucho region was the cradle of Maoist guerrilla group Shining Path, which waged a total and ultimately futile war against the Peruvian state between 1980 and 2000. Many of the forgotten victims of the 20-year internal armed conflict lie buried or simply abandoned in Ayacucho’s mountain passes, old mineshafts, and makeshift hillside cemeteries. Thousands of peasant farmers and highland townsfolk were slaughtered in the internecine warfare, with state and guerrilla forces vying to outdo one...

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    Justice for forced sterilization victims: Pending points in Peru’s transitional justice agenda

    Justice and redress for alleged victims of forced sterilization have long been prorogued  on Peru’s transitional justice agenda. The Ombudsman (2002) and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2003) reported that this practice was common place during ex-President Alberto Fujimori’s mandate and potentially affected around 300,000 persons, mainly rural workers and indigenous women. They were allegedly surgically sterilized without their consent via the Reproductive/Family Planning Programme (1996-2000) implemented to control the population growth in accordance with economic development...

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    Inter-American Court’s Dangerous Precedent in Limiting Insurgents’ Right to Reparations

    In an important recent decision, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) affirmed that the extrajudicial execution of a member of a subversive group is a violation of the right to life and a state’s obligations under international humanitarian law. In this particular case, Eduardo Nicolás Cruz Sánchez, a member of the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) in Peru, was captured and killed during the “Residence of the Japan’s Ambassador Hostage Crisis” of 1996-1997. The Court established that Peru was responsible for his execution and for the delay in investigating the deaths of...

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    Born in Shining Path labor camps in Peru
    14.08.15
    Moises AVILA (afp)

    He doesn't know exactly how much time has passed since Shining Path guerrillas kidnapped him and put him to work on a slave-labor farm deep in the Peruvian jungle. The recently rescued man, who cannot be named for security reasons, knows he was about 18 when the Maoist rebels abducted him from his rural village. He is over 40 now, with a son and daughter born in captivity who are still in the guerrillas' hands. The Ashaninka indigenous man is one of 54 people, most of them children, rescued by the army last month from Shining Path labor camps in a densely forested corner of the Amazon known...

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