Arusha, June 17, 2003 (FH) - The trial of four former senior officers in the former Rwandan army (exFAR) resumed on Monday at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), with the testimony of a person who has been condemned by the tribunal. The "Military I" trial groups together the former director of cabinet in the ministry of defence, Colonel Theoneste Bagosora, jointly tried with the former head of military operations of the army, General Gratien Kabiligi, former army commander of Gisenyi region, Lt.

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Colonel Anatole Nsengiyumva, and the former commander of the Paracommando battalion in Kanombe (Kigali), Major Aloys Ntabakuze. They have pleaded not guilty of conspiracy to commit genocide and war crimes. The trial resumed with the prosecution calling of Georges Ruggiu, a former journalist with RadioTélévision Libre des Milles Collines (RTLM). Ruggiu, a Belgian of Italian descent, was sentenced by the ICTR to 12 years in prison on June 1, 2000 for incitement to commit genocide. During his examinationinchief by Drew White, a member of the prosecution team, Ruggiu dwelt on the workings of RTLM during the 1994 genocide without linking it to the alleged responsibilities of the accused. He explained that before the shooting down of President Habyarimana's plane on April 6, 1994, the target audience of RTLM were "all those who supported the ideals of the ruling party, the MRND". According to the witness, after Habyarimana's death triggered off the massacres, RTLM's editorial policy changed to include all those who supported the army, the war effort and the transitional government. In short, it called upon Hutus to fight the RPF (former rebel movement) and its accomplices. Ruggiu then went on to describe the horrors he witnessed on the streets and at roadblocks manned by the Interahamwe militia (a youth wing of the MRND) considered to have spearheaded the genocide. At one moment the witness was close to tears when he recalled the massacre of 129 women "piled together" at a place called Gakinjiro. The witness had problems recalling exact dates of the events and never linked them to any of the accused. The president of chamber one, judge Erik Møse had, at one time, to remind the prosecutor to define his line of questioning. "What does that have to do with the indictment"? He asked. By the end of his examination, Ruggiu's only said that during the genocide he "had seen" Kabiligi in Kigali and Gisenyi", and Ntabakuze in Kigali, but he said nothing of either Bagosora or Nsengiyumva. The "Military I" trial is taking place in chamber one, which apart from Mose, also includes Serguei Aleckseievich of Russia and Jai Ram Reddy from Fiji. Paul Skolnik, one of Bagosora's defence counsels, began his crossexamination of the witness on Monday afternoon and is expected to continue on Tuesday. KN/GA/CE/FH (ML'0617e)