Arusha, March 25, 2003 (FH) - Defunct alleged extremist newspaper Kangura is a reproduction of the history of conflict in Rwanda, former owner of the paper and genocide suspect, Hassan Ngeze told the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda on Tuesday. Ngeze has since Monday been testifying in his defence.

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Until now, his defence has been centered on the history of Rwanda. He is mainly accused of using Kangura to incite ethnic Hutus to kill Tutsis during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Ngeze, who has refused to cooperate with his courtpaid lawyers, indicated that he was going to explain the contents of his newspaper and its basis in historical books. “What I wrote in Kangura no. 1 to 73 is part of Rwandan history”, he said. “I haven't created anything, it is the history of my country (…) All that I wrote in Kangura is what even foreign historians focused on”, stated Ngeze, citing different articles on the history of conflict between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda before the 1950s. Ngeze has told court that his testimony is likely to last about one week. In a defence strategy he emailed to some fifty people, including journalists, Ngeze says that he will speak about his carreer as a journalist “between 1978 and 1997”, his efforts in saving persecuted ethnic Tutsisduring the genocide and his own persecution and threats to his life. He also says that he will elaborate on the HutuTutsi conflict “which continues to exist even today”. Ngeze also says that he will testify about the help he offered foreign journalists between April and July, 1994. “This alerted the international community to intervene and remedy the situation”, he says. Ngeze is jointly on trial with former university professor and founder member of “hateradio”, Radiotélévision libre des Mille collines (RTLM), Ferdinand Nahimana and former politician and also founder member of RTLM, JeanBosco Barayagwiza. Ngeze also told court that, as a journalist, he had been interested in the work of the tribunal even before his July 1997 arrest. “I frequently came to the public gallery in the trial of (former mayor JeanPaul) Akayesu”, he said. Ngeze continues his testimony on Wednesday with explanations on his articles. The trial is before Trial Chamber One of the ICTR comprised of judges Navanethem Pillay (presiding) of South Africa, Erik Mose of Norway and Asoka de Zoysa Gunawardana of Sri Lanka. GG/AT/CE/FH(ME'0326e)