Uwinkindi is charged with genocide and extermination. He is accused of encouraging and leading the killings of Tutsis in his Kayenzi parish during the 1994 genocide. He was arrested on June 30, 2010 in Uganda. On April 19, 2012, he became the first genocide suspect transferred by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to Kigali to face trial. He pleads not guilty to all the charges.
After presiding judge John Byakatonda had rendered his verdict, announcing that the accused would stay in custody for 30 more days, Uwinkindi’s lead counsel Gatera Gashabana immediately declared he would appeal the decision.