Chad


    Week in Review: Habré judgment sets an example
    01.05.17
    François Sergent, JusticeInfo.net

    The Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) Appeals Court decision of April 27 confirming a life sentence on former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré for crimes against humanity was the major event of this week in transitional justice. This verdict by the African court set up in Dakar, Senegal, by the African Union was hailed by defenders of human rights and justice both in Africa and the rest of the world. Coming more than 30 years after the crimes were committed, the judgment has taken much time. But it vindicates the persistence and determination of Chadian victims who, with the help of NGOs...

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    Is Africa doing better than Europe on new regional criminal courts?
    28.04.17
    Pierre Hazan, JusticeInfo editorial advisor and associate professor at Neuchâtel University

    The contrast could not be more glaring. Both the African Union and the European Union have created for the first time a regional criminal tribunal to try the perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity. But the result is radically different and the comparison is hardly flattering for Europe.  This Thursday, appeals judges of the Extraordinary African Chambers, sitting in Dakar, confirmed the life sentence against former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré for war crimes and crimes against humanity. In contrast, the Kosovo Specialist Chambers, set up by the European Union, is...

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    Habré conviction is a “tribute to the persistence of victims”
    27.04.17
    Ephrem Rugiririza, JusticeInfo.Net

    Appeals judges of the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC), sitting in Senegal, on Thursday confirmed a life sentence on former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré for war crimes, crimes against humanity and torture committed in his country between June 1982 and December 1990, although they acquitted him of rape. For those who have followed the long saga of bringing Habré to justice, this final verdict is “a tribute to the persistence” of the victims. Philip Grant, director of Swiss NGO TRIAL International, is one of them. JusticeInfo asked him about the significance of this verdict for the...

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    Chad's Hissene Habre awaits appeal verdict for war crimes
    25.04.17
    AFP

    Chad's former president Hissene Habre will Thursday hear the final decision on an appeal against a life sentence for war crimes, crimes against humanity and rape, following his landmark conviction last year. The Extraordinary African Chambers, a body created by Senegal and the African Union (AU), sentenced Habre last May to life behind bars, an unprecedented ruling seen as a blow to the impunity long enjoyed by repressive rulers. In July, the court further ruled that Habre should give up to 30,000 euros ($33,000) to each victim of abuses committed during his 1982-1990 rule, as well as...

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    From exile to appeal: Key dates since Habre fled Chad
    25.04.17
    AFP

    Key dates in Chad since the overthrow of former dictator Hissene Habre to his appeal against a life sentence for war crimes and crimes against humanity alleged to have occurred between 1982 and 1990: - Exile in Senegal - - Dec. 11, 1990: Habre is overthrown by rebel troops led by Idriss Deby and flees to Senegal where he gets political asylum. His regime is accused by rights groups of brutally repressing, torturing or killing opponents since 1982. - Investigation - - May 21, 1992: A Chadian commission of inquiry says Habre's regime killed more than 40,000 people, many of them...

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    Chad's Habre: desert warlord turned brutal tyrant
    09.01.17
    AFP

    A desert warfare specialist, Chad's Hissene Habre seized power in 1982 and quickly embraced the role of ruthless dictator, with brutal atrocities the hallmark of his eight-year reign of terror. Often dressed in combat fatigues that complemented his "desert fighter" nickname, Habre fled to Senegal after he was ousted by Chad's current President Idriss Deby in 1990. On Monday his court-appointed lawyers began an appeal seeking to overturn his life sentence for war crimes, crimes against humanity and a litany of other charges handed down in May last year. In July, Habre was further ordered to pay up to 30,000 euros ($33,000) to each victim who suffered rape, arbitrary detention and...

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    Ex-Chad leader Habre to appeal war crimes conviction
    09.01.17
    AFP

    Chad's former president Hissene Habre was to begin an appeal Monday against his life sentence for war crimes and crimes against humanity after his conviction was hailed as a landmark for Africa. The Extraordinary African Chambers, a body created by Senegal and the African Union, sentenced Habre in May to life behind bars, an unprecedented ruling that was seen as a blow to the impunity long enjoyed by repressive rulers. In July, Habre was further ordered to pay up to 30,000 euros ($33,000) to each victim who suffered rape, arbitrary detention and imprisonment during his rule, as well as to...

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    Hissène Habré: From Head of State to Convicted Rapist
    20.07.16
    Pierre Hazan, JusticeInfo Editorial Advisor, in N’Djamena

    In a society as conservative as Chad’s, taboos were too strong. So, for 25 years, women had remained silent. “There was too much shame and fear,” says Kaltouma Defallah. In her modest house in N’Djamena, a fan tries to cool the room down, whereas the outside temperature in the sun is 42 degrees. Tears run down the cheeks of this former Air Africa hostess as she watches a video of her testimony before the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) in Dakar on October 20. Kaltouma’s testimony, along with those of three of her companions, told the Court that the former Chadian president was not only...

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    “Better for Africans to try Africans,” Says Habré Prosecutor
    29.06.16
    Vony Rambolamanana

    After a long fight by victims of Hissène Habré, the former Chadian dictator was finally brought to justice, convicted and sentenced to life in jail on May 30, 2016, by the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) in Senegal, for war crimes, crimes against humanity and torture. He has appealed. In an interview with JusticeInfo, EAC Prosecutor Mbacké Fall hails the Court’s verdict and hopes this judgment will send a clear signal to any African leaders who commit grave violations of their citizens’ rights.   JusticeInfo: What is your reaction to this judgment?   Mbacké Fall: As the Prosecutor, I...

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    US, France Backed Convicted Chad Dictator according to HRW

    The United States and France supported Hissène Habré, the former Chadian dictator who was convicted of atrocity crimes on May 30, 2016, throughout his rule, Human Rights Watch said in two reports released today.The 64-page report, “Enabling a Dictator: The United States and Chad’s Hissène Habré 1982-1990s,” and the 142-page “Hissène Habré: Supported by France, Convicted by Africa,” describe how France, and especially the United States, were pivotal in bringing Habré to power, despite his reputation for brutality. Human Rights Watch describes how both the United States and France provided...

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    Week in Review: A Historic Judgment for Africa
    06.06.16
    François Sergent, JusticeInfo.net

    The life sentence against former Chadian president Hissène Habré handed down on May 30 by the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) in Dakar marks a historic turning point for transitional justice. It is historic because of the gravity of the crimes committed (more than 40,000 people killed or disappeared during Habré’s eight-year dictatorship), the fact that the convict was a Head of State, and the nature of the tribunal, an African court in Africa composed of African judges trying an African.   Observers agree that the trial was exemplary. It gave a strong voice to victims, notably women...

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    Africa Can Try Its Criminals If There Is Political Will, Says FIDH
    03.06.16
    Ephrem Rugiririza, JusticeInfo.Net

    The May 30 conviction of former Chadian president Hissène Habré for crimes against humanity and war crimes committed under his rule “shows African countries are well able to try perpetrators of mass crimes in Africa, if they have the will to do so,” says Florent Geel, head of the  Africa desk at the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH). Habré, who has been living in exile in Senegal since 1990, was sentenced to life in prison by the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC), a special court sitting in Dakar. JusticeInfo: What is the importance of this judgment for the world, and for...

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    Hissène Habré - The Long Road to Justice

    Over 25 years ago, Souleymane Guengueng, a deeply religious civil servant who watched dozens of his cellmates succumb to torture and disease in Hissène Habré’s Chadian prisons, took an oath that if he ever got out of jail alive, he would bring his tormentors to justice.Today I sat alongside Souleymane and other survivors as Habré was convicted of atrocities by a special court in Senegal, where he’s lived in luxurious exile since his overthrow in 1990. For many years, as Souleymane and his colleagues hit one obstacle after another on their path to justice, the common refrain was that they...

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    Habré Gets Life Sentence in Historic Judgment
    30.05.16
    Ephrem Rugiririza, JusticeInfo

    A former African head of State was on Monday convicted by African judges sitting at an African court, in the name of Africa. Former Chadian President Hissène Habré was sentenced to life in jail for crimes against humanity and war crimes committed under his rule (1982-90). The Extraordinary African Chambers’ historic judgment in Senegal, where Habré has been in exile for some 20 years, did not come as a surprise.    This judgment is the culmination of a judicial battle waged for more than 20 years by victims and their lawyers, supported by several international organizations including Human...

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    Verdict due in war crimes trial of Chad ex-dictator
    30.05.16
    AFP

    A special court in Senegal began reading its verdict Monday in the trial of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre, accused of war crimes, crimes against humanity and torture against thousands of victims. Prosecutors are seeking a life sentence against Habre, president of Chad from 1982-1990, bringing a long-awaited reckoning to those imprisoned under his rule. Dressed in his trademark billowing white robes, sunglasses and turban, the 73-year-old sat impassively in the dock with his mouth covered as proceedings opened on Monday morning. Supporters and family were visible among those taking...

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    Chad's Habre: desert warlord turned brutal tyrant
    30.05.16
    AFP

    A desert warfare specialist, Chad's Hissene Habre seized power in 1982 and quickly embraced the role of remorseless dictator, with brutal repression the hallmark of his eight-year reign of terror. Often dressed in combat fatigues that complemented his "desert fighter" nickname, Habre fled to Senegal after he was ousted in by Chad's current President Idriss Deby in 1990. Now 73, Habre's rule was marked by fierce crackdowns on dissent, including alleged torture and executions of opponents, earning him comparisons to Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet. On Monday the verdict will be handed down in his trial in Dakar for crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture. Investigators found...

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    From exile to trial: major dates since Habre fled Chad
    30.05.16
    AFP

    Key dates from former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre's overthrow to an expected verdict in his crimes against humanity trial in Dakar on Monday. - Exile in Senegal - -- December 1990: Habre is overthrown by rebel troops led by Idriss Deby and flees to Senegal. His regime is accused of repressing, torturing or killing opponents. - Investigation - -- May 1992: A Chadian commission of inquiry says Habre's regime killed more than 40,000 people, many of them political opponents and from rival ethnic groups. - Charges - -- January 2000: Seven Chadians file suit against Habre in Dakar for crimes against humanity and acts of torture. A judicial inquiry is opened. -- February 2000: Habre is...

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    Chad: Court Order, But No Cash, for Ex-Dictator’s Victims
    24.03.16
    Human Rights Watch

    The Chadian government has failed to provide court-ordered reparations to over 7,000 victims of grave crimes under the rule of former dictator Hissène Habré, three rights groups said today. On March 25, 2015, after a three-month trial, a Chadian criminal court convicted 20 Habré-era security agents on charges of murder, torture, kidnapping, and arbitrary detention. The court also ruled that 7000 victims should receive a total of 75 billion CFA francs in reparations (US$129 million), ordering the government pay half and the convicted agents the other half. “It has been one year, and the...

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    More Crimes Prosecuted under Universal Jurisdiction, says Report
    29.02.16
    François Sergent, Justiceinfo.net

    For the second year running, rights groups TRIAL, FIBGAR, ECCHR and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) are publishing an annual report on universal jurisdiction, entitled “Make way for Justice”. Under the universal jurisdiction principle, States can under certain conditions prosecute and try alleged perpetrators of international crimes regardless of where the crimes were committed and the nationality of the suspects and victims. “Make Way for Justice” (second edition) looks at 12 countries -- including Sweden, Chile, France and Senegal – that have opened investigations,...

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    The Week in Review: A Tale of Two Ex-Presidents and a sitting Deputy
    15.02.16
    François Sergent, JusticeInfo.net

    This was the story of two ex-Presidents and a Deputy President, all of whom were this week face to face with transitional justice. It is also the story of victims of repression seeking justice and reparations in countries such as Tunisia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Colombia. The first ousted president in question is Hissène Habré of Chad, whose crimes against humanity trial ended on Thursday before the Extraordinary African Chambers in Dakar, Senegal. During the week lawyers for the victims took the stand, describing Habré’s ten years of absolute rule marked by violence,...

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