France


    Week in Review: “Dealing with the past is defining the present”
    08.05.17
    François Sergent, JusticeInfo.net

    The way history is remembered was a theme emerging this week not only in Tunisia and Germany but also France, in the grip of presidential elections.  Remembrance and the past were one of the numerous subjects of debate between the two second-round French presidential candidates. “The country’s 20th century history, including the Algerian War and the Second World War, brought some of the fiercest clashes between Marine Le Pen and Emmanuel Macron,” writes JusticeInfo editorial advisor Pierre Hazan. “Doesn’t France also need a Truth Commission to better deal with its colonial past?”  And...

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    Targeted State killings abroad as a new form of war
    17.01.17
    Stéphanie Maupas, correspondent in The Hague

    Since September 11, 2001, the strategy of targeted killings has become more and more widespread internationally, in the name of the War on Terror. But the question of their legality is controversial. The widening of targets is turning this tactic into a specific way of waging war. Almost immediately after Al Qaeda attacked American soil on September 11, 2001, the United States promised it would hit its enemies wherever they were in the name of the “war” on terror. Paris did the same thing in Mali in 2013, still as part of the fight against armed Jihadists. Then, after the November 23, 2015...

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    The Week in Review: Rwanda and France
    17.05.16
    François Sergent, JusticeInfo.net

     France this week started its second trial linked to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, with two Rwandan mayors in the dock. The two accused are former mayors of Kabarondo (eastern Rwanda), Tito Barahira and Octavien Ngenzi. They are both charged with genocide and crimes against humanity committed 22 years ago.  This trial, being held under the principle of universal jurisdiction, has been long awaited by Rwandan victims’ associations. It is led by France’s special crimes against humanity unit, created in Paris in 2012. The unit, which has received some 30 judicial complaints against Rwandans...

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    Rwandan mayors on trial in France over 1994 genocide
    10.05.16
    AFP

    Two former Rwandan mayors went on trial in Paris on Tuesday, accused of orchestrating "massive and systematic summary executions" during the central African country's 1994 genocide. Octavien Ngenzi, 58, and Tito Barahira, 64, are alleged to have played a direct role in the massacre of hundreds of minority Tutsis who had taken refuge in a church in the eastern town of Kabarondo on April 13, 1994. It is the second trial for crimes against humanity and genocide by a special Paris court set up to go after suspected Rwandan killers who fled to France. Memories of the genocide, in which at least 800,000 people died over 100 days of slaughter, continue to strain relations between the two...

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    Rwandan genocide survivors hope for justice from Paris trial
    08.05.16
    AFP

    Twenty-two years after the Rwandan genocide, Jean-Damascene Rutagungira still cannot bear the sight of the Catholic church in the eastern village of Kabarondo, where his family was massacred before his eyes. Sitting in front of his house, set in the midst of corn fields and banana plantations, the fifty-something farmer, who lost his wife, three children and his mother in the attack, admitted: "Whenever I get close to that church, I go crazy." On Tuesday, two former Kabarondo mayors go on trial in France over the killing of hundreds of people at the church in April 1994, at the height of the genocide in which 800,000 people, mostly ethnic Tutsis, were killed by Hutu...

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    Transitional justice, climate justice
    14.12.15
    François Sergent, Justiceinfo.net

    This week was again dominated by the COP21 environment conference in Paris, where the idea of “climate justice” is included in the final document adopted Saturday, as well as the duty of States to “respect, promote and take account of human rights”. It does not, however, include the right to reparations for environmental damaged suffered. Researcher Joël Hubrecht of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (IHEJ, a partner of Justiceinfo.net) even speaks in an article published on our site of “ecocide”, a term inspired by the theses of Polish jurist Raphaël Lemkin who forged the definition of...

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    Mary Robinson: climate change ‘very likely’ to increase radicalisation
    07.12.15
    The Conversation, www.theconversation.com

    Former Irish president Mary Robinson is one of the world’s leading voices on climate justice. Appearing at the UN climate summit in Paris, Robinson has argued for warming to be kept within 1.5°C, to protect the nations most at risk from the effects climate change. She has also campaigned for women to be front and centre in the negotiations, citing their increased vulnerability in a warming world. Robinson was President of Ireland from 1990-97, after which she was appointed United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. She has been a UN Special Envoy for Climate Change since 2014. She is president of the Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice, and a member of The Elders, a group...

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    Paris Attacks: Let Us Not Respond by finishing the work of Daesh
    16.11.15
    Pierre Hazan, JusticeInfo.Net Head of Project and Associate Professor at the University of Neuchâtel

    First comes compassion for the victims and their families, and of course solidarity. After the initial shock of the carnage also come the emotions: anger, thirst for revenge, the temptation to reduce the attackers to barbarians or criminal thugs, as if denying that they were also motivated by an ideology.  This tragedy obliges us to take stock of them but also define ourselves and our values. As Albert Camus rightly said, “not to call things by their proper names is to add to the suffering of the world”. Fighting Daesh requires first understanding those who have chosen to fight the West as...

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    This Week: Paris, Islamic State and Burundi
    15.11.15
    François Sergent, JusticeInfo.Net

    Friday’s attacks in Paris, the horrific and absolute antithesis to any idea of justice and reconciliation, have marked the week, as if France were a country at war such as JusticeInfo.Net covers every day. It would seem that all the terrorists are dead (unless there was a third cell) and, as for previous attacks in France, there will be no trial or process by the public judicial authorities allowing the victims and the country as a whole to grieve, understand and confront the perpetrators of this carnage. Transitional justice is not made only for developing countries of the South. Among...

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